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Oracle Faq(如何在ORACLE中更改表的列名和顺序 )

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用过ORACLE的人都知道,要想在ORACLE中更改表的列名和顺序可是一件很烦琐的事,下面给大家提供一种简单的方法。

SQL> select object_id from all_objects where owner='SCOTT' and object_name='T1';

OBJECT_ID
----------
6067
SQL> select obj#,col#,name from sys.col$ where obj#=6067;

OBJ# COL#
---------- ----------
NAME
------------------------------------------------------------
6067 1
ID

6067 2
NAME

SQL> update sys.col$ set name='NEW_ID' ,col#=3 where obj#=6067 and name='ID';

1 row updated.

SQL> update sys.col$ set name='MY_NAME',col#=1 where obj#=6067 and name='NAME';

1 row updated.

SQL> update sys.col$ set col#=2 where obj#=6067 and col#=3;

1 row updated.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select * from scott.t1;

ID NAME
---------- --------------------
3 cheng
2 yong
1 xin
2 gototop
1 topcio
2 yongxin
1 cyx

7 rows selected.
SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 128159368 bytes
Fixed Size 732808 bytes
Variable Size 117440512 bytes
Database Buffers 8388608 bytes
Redo Buffers 1597440 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> select * from scott.t1;

MY_NAME NEW_ID
-------------------- ----------
cheng 3
yong 2
xin 1
gototop 2
topcio 1
yongxin 2
cyx 1

7 rows selected.

到此为止我们已经把SCOTT.T1表中的列名和顺序都给该了,如果你只想改变顺序而不想改变列名,只需再进行UPDATE就可以了,之所以不能一次完成是因为SYS.COL$中COL#,NAME都是UNIQUE的。

这种方法虽然存在一定风险,但对于特别大的表效果是很明显的,而用